Family Batrachoididae: Nineteen genera, about 69 species.
Fresh, brackish and marine, things this family of fishes have
in common is their not-so-good looks, reclusive bottom-dwelling nature,
and territorial gruffness. Some species of this family are actually
drop-dead gorgeous, though unfortunately rarely seen in the aquarium
interest. The one that is (see below) often offered under various
merchandising monikers, is of a percentage of Toadfishes that are
venomous. The dorsal, anal, pectoral fin spines are hollow and have a
painful (though less serious than true Lionfishes, Stonefish) venom
associated with them. Be careful when in their tanks, netting them.
Coastal in Atlantic, Pacific, Indian Oceans, venturing into
Species of Interest/Use to
|Batrachomoeus ( in places Halophryne)
trispinosus (Gunther 1861), the Freshwater "Lionfish", "Freshwater
Stonefish". Three-Spined Frogfish. Actually, not a Lion, Stone, nor a Frog,
but a Toadfish. Indo-West Pacific; NW Australia, Thailand, Indonesia, New
Guinea. To one foot in length. Brackish to marine. Not really freshwater.
The images in this table are linked to
large (desktop size) copies. Click on "framed" images to
go to the larger size.
|Opsanus pardus (Goode & Bean 1880), the
Leopard Toadfish. Tropical West Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico. To
fifteen inches in length.
|Opsanus tau (Linnaeus 1766), the Oyster
Toadfish. Western Atlantic. Massachusetts to Florida. To fifteen
inches in length. One in the Florida Aquarium and the other under a
pier in Belize.
|Sanopus splendidus Collete, Starck &
Phillips 1974, the Coral or Splendid Toadfish. Tropical West
Atlantic; endemic to Cozumel. To 24 cm. Cozumel pic.
The images in this table are linked
to large (desktop size) copies. Click on "framed" images
to go to the larger size.
Noise production. Called Toadfishes on a few
counts. Their squatty profile, large mouths, capacious appetites, and
"croaking" noise they make!
Quinn, John R. 1975. The Toadfish (or stout-hearted defender of
house and home). Marine Aquarist 6(2):75.