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Related FAQs: Xeniids, Pulsing Corals, Xeniid FAQs 2, Xeniid FAQs 3, Xeniid FAQs 4, Xeniid ID, Xeniid Behavior, Xeniid Selection, Xeniid Compatibility, Xeniid Systems, Xeniid Systems 2, Xeniid Feeding, Xeniid Disease, Xeniid Health 2, Xeniid Health 3, Xeniid Reproduction, Soft Coral Propagation, Soft Coral Health

Related Articles: Soft Corals, Order Alcyonacea

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The Pulsing Soft Corals, Family Xeniidae, Part 3

To: Part 1, Part 2,


Genus Xenia Lamarck 1816: Small cylindrical colonies (up to 4 cm in all dimensions typically), dome shaped. Sometimes branched, with polyps only at apical stems. One-shape polyps with varying capacity to retract, 1-6 pinnules on both sides (number of rows, pinnules species-specific). Some pulsate, some don't.  Forty plus species, scattered over the Indo-Pacific. Fed on by similar appearing Nudibranchs of the genus Phyllodesmium

Xenia cf. actuosa Verseveldt & Tursch 1979. Large colonies, tentacles tubular shaped, white with brown pinnules. A rapidly pulsing species. Western Pacific; New Guinea, Philippines. N. Sulawesi pix. 

Xenia cf. elongata, Red Sea. 

Xenia umbellata Lamarck 1816, Bouquet Encrusting Coral. Indo-Pacific; including the Red Sea. To about five inches in overall dimension. Tissues contain zooxanthellae. On import, do look for parasitic Nudibranchs and copepods (Paradoridicola glabripes). This colony off of Queensland, Australia.

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Xenia sp. Branches support capitulums that bear polyps at end. Stalks smooth, white, polyps mottled, brown. Indo-West Pacific; Red Sea, East Africa to Australia, S. Japan, Polynesia. N. Sulawesi pic. 

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About Pulsing Coral Abundance: They can take over your tanks...

In places, the Pulsing Corals will dominate a given environmental niche. Here three species, including the blue Efflatournaria crowd a tridacnid clam off of Queensland, Australia.

To: Part 1, Part 2,

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