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FAQs About African Dwarf Frogs, Reproduction

Related Articles: Keeping African Clawed Frogs and African Dwarf Frogs by Neale Monks, African Dwarf Frogs, Amphibians, Turtles,

Related FAQs: Dwarf African Frogs 1, Dwarf African Frogs 2, ADF Identification, ADF Behavior, ADF Compatibility, ADF Selection, ADF Systems, ADF Feeding, ADF Disease, & FAQs on: Amphibians 1, Amphibians 2, Frogs Other Than African and Clawed, African Clawed Frogs, Turtles, Amphibian Identification, Amphibian Behavior, Amphibian Compatibility, Amphibian Selection, Amphibian Systems, Amphibian Feeding, Amphibian Disease, Amphibian Reproduction,

Need... to be making small food animals... "green water", "infusoria"... ahead of hatching... Frequent water changes... gentle (sponge, open-box) filtration...

ADF Strange mating behavior      8/22/13
I have two ADF's in a 2.5gallon heated, filtered tank. I have had them since May.
They both sing
<?! Are these Hymenochirus? Males do hum/buzz to attract females; but are rarely heard by aquarists>
every night and have what appear to be white pimples in their armpits, which led me to believe they were both males.
For about a week the have been "mating" constantly but for short periods of time. There have been no eggs as a result. a couple of nights ago I saw them "mating" and the "female" seemed to be doing all she could to remove the other frog. I left them alone because I figured she would dislodge him as she usually seems to. When I awoke that next morning, they had not eaten any of the food from their bowl (this is weird for them). Last night the same thing happened and when I woke up, one pellet out of 4 was gone (so SOMEONE ate) and they are STILL attached (they usually seemed to always detach during the day which gave me peace of mind that the "female" could get some rest).
Should I leave this alone or should I do something?
<I'd leave alone>
I'm still pretty sure both of the frogs are male, there has been no eggs and they both sang like crazy until lately :( . I'm afraid the "female" is eating but stressed and I'm afraid the horny male is simply not eating (and also not going to the surface enough, it seems like only the "female" gets her snout out of the water.  Advice please!! :(
Thanks
Beth
<Mmm, I'd ask that you peruse our postings re the genus/species:
http://www.wetwebmedia.com/FWSubWebIndex/hymenochirus.htm
the linked files above; and keep us posted re your observations, speculations. Bob Fenner>
Follow up from Aug 22 question; ADF repro. f'     1/6/14

Hi. I sent in a question about my African Dwarf Frogs that wouldn't stop mating. They have since stopped and have gone back to only. "Mating" for short periods of time. They spend every evening buzzing and will buzz at each other in weird short buzzes when it seems they are trying to mount each other at the same time (it looks like a face off, Lol !) I have upgraded to a 10gallon tank and added one more frog (3 total ) He joined right in the mating and buzzing.  It is a male as far as I can see and I still have seen no eggs  ( which leads me  to believe I have only males) but tons of mating behaviour. So in conclusion after constant mating for a few days (and freaking me right out!) both frogs came away alive and healthy and are still with me 5 months later.
Thanks !!
Beth
<Glad all worked out well in the end. Sounds as if they're happy little frogs. Thanks for the update! Cheers, Neale.>

Please can you explain this! ADF Beh., repro.     4/28/14
Dear WWM
<Salve!>
I have had one female and one male ADF for over a year.  They have been getting on together no problems at all.  Mate all the time after a water change etc.  All of a sudden today, one of them is upside down not moving, with the other one holding on to it tightly with its head in the other ones belly.  It does look as if the one underneath is dead and may be the other one is eating it!   This has really shocked me! 
<I bet.>
Do you have an explanation at all.
<Of course it might be dead -- and you should know by now! But do be aware that during mating ("amplexus") frogs will cling in all sorts of odd positions. Sometimes so many males will climb on top of a female they drown her, but that's not common (obviously, or frogs would have died out by now!). In any case, prod the unmoving frog with something small but not sharp, like a pencil end, and see if it reacts. If not, either remove if you're sure it's dead, or else isolate in a net, away from the other frogs, in the water, for a few hours to see if anything happens. In the meantime, do read:
http://www.wetwebmedia.com/fwsubwebindex/FrogsArtNeale.htm
Check you're doing everything right, taking particular note to aquarium size, filtration and temperature.>
Thank you
Yasmin
<Cheers, Neale.
Re: update... frog beh. ?   4/27/12

Further to my email below, the one frog has now let go of the other one and they both appear fine again!  I wonder if the male got hold of the female the wrong way up!
<Quite possible. If you watch frogs mating in the wild, it's pretty wild and doesn't seem at all pleasant for anyone involved!>
Never seen this happen before!
<Nor I. Cheers, Neale.>

Frogs stuck together 11/1/11
I have 2 African dwarf frogs about 3 years old. The smaller one keeps getting his arms stuck in the gills of the larger one. It's like he's getting a piggy back but he's in to his elbows in the others gills. I have to pry them apart using the end of the fish net. I don't think they are mating, why is this happening every 2 weeks or so?
Libby
<Hello Libby. Adult frogs don't have gills, and tadpoles have feathery external gills. So whatever else is happening here, it's not a case of one frog's arms getting stuck in the other frog's gills. Amplexus, the mating grip, does sound more likely. Cheers, Neale.>

African Dwarf Frog Amplexus-Male at Wrong End! 10/29/11
My male frog sometimes mounted the female at her head end, and grasped her around the upper part of her body. They have sometimes mated properly, and produced many tadpoles, which I am raising. Last week he mounted her the wrong way, stayed on for hours at the bottom of the tank, and prevented her
from going up for air often enough. She struggled, but could not get free.
There was no way I could separate them; when he finally released her she may have been injured in some way, and died soon after. Is this behavior as odd as it seems?
Thanks,
Sheila
<Hello Sheila. Inept mating behaviours during amplexus are common among frogs. It isn't common for the female to be unable to throw off a misguided male, but I'm sure accidents like the one you saw here happen from time to time. If you ever watch wild frogs mating, it's insane! Not much advice I can give here, unfortunately. Good luck rearing the tadpoles. Cheers, Neale.>

Dwarf Frog egg laying 2/25/11
I put a big shell in my tank last night and as soon as I did. My one frog went in there and deposited something that looked to me like some eggs or at least 1 egg. Then not too soon later it was not too much later, it was either the same frog or the other one (they both look the same) one bigger went in and deposited a brown substance. Can you explain that for me ? I love your site.....Just could not find this answer on there. Thanks Shirley
<Hello Shirley. African Dwarf Frogs do indeed lay their eggs individually rather than in clumps. They are tiny -- tip of a needle size -- specks, usually black in colour. You can't really see any jelly around them. It's easy to confuse snail eggs with frog or fish eggs if you aren't aware of the differences. Anyway, the tadpoles are miniscule. ADFs spawn readily, but in most tanks there's no sign of either eggs or tadpoles because other animals eat them. Rearing the tadpoles is hard. You need excellent water quality and suitable tiny foods, liquid fish fry food for example. Cheers, Neale.>

Holy frog love!! 3/19/10
Hi Neale,
<Hello Diana,>
Woke up this morning to a completely cloudy frog tank full of eggs and stringy stuff. Changed some water, rinsed the plants everything looked good. Came home this afternoon to more of the same-minus eggs. My frogs have been in the mood lately but I have never seen anything like this!
<Yikes! Sounds like something's been going on in the tank.>
I am assuming it is frog love potion, am I wrong?
<If you're seeing eggs, and the frogs otherwise seem happy, then I wouldn't worry unduly. These frogs are notoriously poor at producing fertile eggs, and much of what they lay among the plants ends up rotting, and this could cause the water to become cloudy, I suppose. Never actually seen that, so I'm guessing. In any case, I'd change 50% of the water. Hymenochirus spp. don't spawn all the time, but certain things do trigger spawning, including sudden changes up or down. So be sure the water you add is about as warm as the water you've got in the tank.>
And, should I re-rinse everything or is it harmless to leave in the tank.
My concern is that it is protein rich and will foul the water.
<Would be my worry, too. Nothing harmed by taking out some water, so what the heck, you may as well do that. I've no idea why the water in your tank has gone cloudy, so a precautionary approach would be wise.>
Sheesh, I'm blushing!
<Aw, shucks.>
Cheers,
Diana
Sent from my iPhone
<Sent from my MacBook Pro. Cheers, Neale.>

ADFs in their new tank with ... Tadpoles! - 4/1/10
Hi Neale,
<Hello Diana,>
My ADFs have moved back into their permanent tank. Nitrate and ammonia are 0, pH at 7.4, temp 75-77. They seem happy, tank looks great.
<Good to hear.>
Now that the frogs are no longer sharing the tank with Platies should I buffer the water a bit and keep the pH closer to 7.0?
<No particular reason. Frogs are perfectly happy in hard, basic water.
Don't forget that filter bacteria prefer hard, basic conditions -- so any time you nudge away from that, towards more acidic conditions, you diminish the effectiveness of the filter bacteria. So if you have hard, basic water, leave things that way.>
Also, eggs that were inadvertently moved from their temporary tank (in the moss I supposed) have hatched and I have about 20-30 tadpoles.
<Cool!>
I am feeding them Spirulina flakes. Any chance they will survive in the tank?
<I'm sure some will. Hymenochirus spp. frogs aren't especially easy to breed, but more because the eggs tend to get eaten or lost before they hatch. But once the eggs actually hatch, the tadpoles themselves aren't especially difficult to rear. There's a nice detailed summary over at Pipidae.org (Pipidae being the family of frogs to which these belong).
Anyway, have a read:
http://davidcecere.pipidae.org/Breeding1.htm
You'll notice about halfway through he starts buffering the water chemistry upwards, from soft to hard!>
Thanks Neale, I always appreciate you sound advice.
<Kind of you to say so. I look forward to seeing some photos!>
Cheers,
Diana
<Happy Easter, Neale.>
Sent from my iPhone
<But surely an iPad before too long! Cheers, Neale.>
Tadpoles!! - 4/1/10
This is the proud mother-Princess Tianna. The dad, Prince Naveen was feeling camera shy.
Diana
<Very handsome frog! Looks a nice tank, too.>
Tadpoles part 2 - 4/1/10
And here are the happy babies. Teeny tiny little things.
<But oh so many of them!>
I am not sure I have much hope that they will make it to adulthood, but fun none the less.
<Often some will die for one reason or another, but passing on African Dwarf Frogs to pet shops and other hobbyists shouldn't be too difficult.>
I will keep you posted on our progress.
<Great!>
Happy Easter.
<And to you.>
Cheers,
Diana
<Cheers, Neale.>

Re: Tadpoles part 2 4/5/10
Hi Neale,
<Hello Diana,>
I am down to about 15 little guys happily swimming around in my tank.
<Very good! As I said, there's a certain attrition rate that happens under the best of circumstances.>
I am feeding them powdered fish food made for baby fish. I cant tell if they are eating it or not, but figure I have a better chance with that than the Spirulina.
<Perhaps. I'd also try hard-boiled egg yolk and/or Liquifry baby fish food.>
Other than that I am just keeping the water fresh and at about 77-80 degrees.
<Good.>
Because I have been spending so much time with my nose plastered to the side of the tank observing the tiny little tad poles I have noticed something else mysterious...or perhaps not. Swarming just above the sand are tiny little white organisms that look like itty bitsy bugs.
<Copepods if really tiny, Ostracods if salt-grain size. Copepods often seem to whirl about, while Ostracods have a more jerky motion.>
They are so small that I can't even tell if they have legs or not. They look almost like dust particles but are most definitely something else as they are concentrated directly above the surface of the sand and seem to flit around in tight little circles.
<Indeed.>
They do not float freely about the tank rather stay concentrated at the bottom very close to the substrate. Any idea what these miniscule creatures may be? Perhaps the tadpoles are feeding on them?
<Not yet, but likely when they get bigger, yes, the tadpoles may eat them.
Newly hatched tadpoles tend to feed on algae.>
Thanks and enjoy your day, Diana
<Pretty exhausting cross-country railway trip, but happy to be back home!>
Sent from my iPhone (but wish it were an iPad!!)
<Surely just a matter of time. Cheers, Neale.>

Re: Tadpoles part 2 4/9/2010
Hi Neale,
<Hello Diana,>
One by one my tadpoles have disappeared. There was one lone little pollywog left yesterday but alas today he is gone,
<Sounds like an Agatha Christie mystery.>
I am not sure if their parents ate them or if they just died - or a combination of the two.
<Very likely eaten. I though the tadpoles were in their own aquarium. I guess not.>
It was an interesting experiment and I was hoping I would get a little frog or two out of it. Oh well, maybe I'll have better luck next time.
<Indeed!>
Enjoy your weekend,
Diana
<Enjoy yours, too. Cheers, Neale.>
Re: Tadpoles part 2 4/9/2010
If my frogs find themselves in the family way again I may get one of those little side hanging contraptions that go in the tank to keep them separate. That might give the little buggers a better chance.
Diana
<Sounds like a good investment to me. While they're useless for trapping pregnant females, they're very useful for corralling fry and tadpoles. I have one with a dozen 6-week old halfbeaks in it. Cheers, Neale.>

Re: My Amano? Back to chatting re Hymenochirus repro. 4/19/10
Dear Neale,
<Diana,>
Good Lord - I have a bunch of tadpoles again!
<Cool!>
It seems that while I have no luck with keeping fish I appear to have the perfect environment for frogs.
<Seems that way, doesn't it...?>
The tadpoles are very young and not swimming much yet. They are mostly clustered together in a rear corner of the tank under the java fern or stuck to the side of the tank.
<Yep.>
So, I am off to the store to get one of those plastic things that hang into the tank. My question is this...how do I go about collecting the tots and getting them into their quarantine container?
<Well, you could use a net to drive them into a plastic container, and then pour the water in that container into the breeding net.>
Thanks and have a lovely evening,
D
<You too.>
PS I have added 3 Bee shrimp to the tank. They are lovely little orange and while striped fellows. Everyone is getting along and cleaning away!
Amano has recently molted but is back in action without missing a step.
<Yes, quite charming little animals to be sure. Cheers, Neale.>

Tadpole nursery 4/23/10
Hi Neale,
<Hello Diana,>
I purchased one of those nets for fry but my tank is too small to accommodate the thing so I improvised-and came up with a rather nifty idea.
<Oh...?>
I took the tea strainer from a small tea pot and tied it to the side of the tank.
<Neat! The only risk with metallic things is corrosion, since rust can be toxic to fish. Stainless steel should be okay. When I've had to do something similar, I've used those large plastic measuring cups that come
with laundry detergents (which at least here in the UK are circular, transparent, and a couple of inches across). Drill a few holes with a skewer and these make useful short term "floating homes" for eggs and
newborn fry.>
The holes allow the water to flow through but are small enough to keep the tadpoles in, safe from hungry frogs. I have had a curious snail or two who has crawled into the strainer but I do not imagine that they're much of a threat to the tiny tots, am I wrong?
<Snails shouldn't cause any harm at all.>
The pollywogs have been living in their nursery for about 2 days and so far so good. We shall see!
<Keep us posted.>
Cheerio,
Diana
<Cheerio indeed! Neale.>

Re: Tadpole nursery 4/23/10
I never thought about the rust issue! Tadpoles have been transferred to a laundry soap lid. Works even better!!
Thanks for the tip.
<Glad to help. Just be sure to use a clean lid rather than one that's been used to measure out detergent. I seem to have dozens of these lids kicking about so it's not really a problem. Have a good weekend Diana, Neale.>

Re: Tadpole nursery 4/26/10
Hi Neale,
<Hello Diana,>
I am going to give my tadpoles to my daughters pre school so they can watch them grow (hopefully). Additionally, since I appear to have very active frogs and a hospitable environment for their eggs I am hoping that this will be my new permanent foster home for future tadpoles as well I am planning to set up my little 2.5 gallon tank as their new nursery.
<As Bob would say, "Real good".>
1. How much filter material should I take from my established tank to add to the nursery tank? Half?
<Up to that would be safe, but if you wanted to donate a bit less, maybe a third, that'd be fine.>
2. Can I move the tadpoles straight away or should I let the run for a day or two?
<I'd move half now, another half next week, so you can see everything works to plan.>
3. Will they be okay in an unadorned tank or should I add substrate and plants?
<A few floating plants would be nice, but otherwise don't feel rushed to add either.>
4. How should future tadpoles be acclimated to the nursery tank? Drip system as with fish?
<Yep. As I say, try things out this week, and if all goes to plan, do the remainder next week. If both times work, then you probably have a system all worked out.>
Thanks, as always, for your guidance.
D
<Always a pleasure. Good luck! Neale.>

Re: Tadpole nursery 4/29/10
Hi Neale,
<Hello Diana,>
Once my tadpoles have become frogs and I remove them from the nursery tank will a couple of snails and regular water changes be enough to keep the nursery tank cycled and alive until the next batch of tadpoles arrive?
<Possibly, but it will depend on the number of snails and how big they are.
At the least, you'd want to add a pinch of tadpole food -- whatever that is! -- once every week or two, just to give the bacteria something to work on.>
I have added about 3 inches of sand to the bottom, perhaps a java fern or two would help?
<I wouldn't add this much sand unless you're deliberately trying to create a deep sand bed, in which case things becoming complicated -- though fun.
http://www.wetwebmedia.com/ca/volume_7/volume_7_1/dsb.html
If that isn't your aim, then you only need just enough sand to cover the glass, half an inch should do. Remember, Java fern and Anubias don't go into the sand; you attach them to rocks and wood.>
Also, once the tank becomes established may I remove the filter media and rely on the substrate to house the beneficial bacteria for the tank?
<If you create a DSB, yes, this can happen. Indeed, I have a tank with cherry shrimps and Tylomelania snails operating in precisely this way. But if you don't create a DSB, then no, you need to keep some sort of filter in the system.>
I have noticed that the tiny guys are getting sucked into the filter and trapped in the floss and other material. If the filter were empty they would likely get sucked in the bottom and spit out the top.
<Try using a sponge filter, something like the Algarde Biofoam 45. These suck only as strongly as the air pump, and if you set the air pump real low -- and install a valve on the air pipe to bleed off some of the air if needs be -- you can create extremely gentle currents. Better still, the sponge becomes colonised with bacteria, algae and Protozoans upon which baby fish and frogs happily feed.>
Thanks,
D
<Cheers, Neale.>
Re: Tadpole nursery 4/30/10

Thanks Neale. I am beginning to think I getting in deeper than I planned.
Ha!
<Oh, so often the case. Out of tiny acorns (or tadpoles) to mighty oaks (frogs) grow!>
Diana
<Cheers, Neale.>
Re: Tadpole nursery 5/4/10

Hi Neale,
<Hello Diana,>
I still have one tiny survivor left - spike the little tadpole who wouldn't quit. How long before my little spike sprouts legs?
<Difficult to say. Shouldn't be very long after the others metamorphose, so I'd expect him to finish being a tadpole within the next few days. Try upping the temperature very slightly, perhaps a couple of degrees. With cold blooded animals, that usually speeds up their metabolic processes.>
And should I begin feeding him anything besides powdered food for fry?
<If he's big enough to take other things, then sure, graduate up to regular flake/pellets/whatever.>
Thanks buddy,
D
<Always a pleasure. Cheers, Neale.>

Re: Tadpole nursery 6/16/10
Good day Neale,
I have been changing 25% of my tanks water daily with a 50% solution of the rift valley mix. Today is the first day that I have seen any progress in Ph or KH, 7.2 and 4 degrees respectively.
<Already much healthier, even approaching ideal.>
I am aiming for 8.0 and 6-7 degrees correct?
<Not necessarily; so long as you have a steady pH 7.5 you're fine, and the KH value doesn't really matter so long as its somewhere between 4 and 8.>
Should I continue daily changes to get there?
<Yes, but feel free to tweak the amount of mineral salt mix. Reduce the baking soda portion if you want a lower KH -- and therefore lower pH -- or reduce the Epsom salt portion if you want a lower GH. Obviously, teaspoons
are a very rough and ready approach, so there's a certain amount of experimenting involved. Within reason, slight variation from water change to water change won't harm the fish, frogs or shrimps.>
My ammonia, however is still quite high. Down to 0 right after water change but back up to 1.0-2.0 this morning. I am planning to do another 25% change this evening.
<Odd. I hope the pH drop wasn't so severe the filter bacteria died, in which case the tank will be cycling again. If you have a second aquarium, grabbing some live filter media and carrying it across to this tank would help. Even adding a scoop of gravel would be a plus.>
There has been no additional loss of life-phew
<Cool.>
In the mean time I have a Seachem Purigen synthetic filter product that I could add to the filter canister while I work on getting the biological filtration up and running. It says it removes ammonia etc while raising RedOx.
<Using chemical media to remove ammonia doesn't really help. For one thing, it's expensive. But it also removes the ammonia required by filter bacteria, slowing down the cycling process.>
Also states that impact on trace minerals is minimal.
Looking forward to hearing your thoughts.
Diana
<Cheers, Neale.>
Re: Tadpole nursery
Thank you.
<No problem.>
I have been searching for clues as to what I could gave done to cause this drastic change in water chemistry... I have my tank light set up on a timer to take a 2 hour nap in the afternoon to avoid massive black hair algae growth that I have battled in the past.
<Indeed.>
So light is on 8-12 off 12-2 on 2-6:00. I also add liquid c02 and plant food daily plus one drop of iodide semi monthly. Do you think either of these could have aided in this rapid decline if tank stability?
<Nope.>
I don't have another tank to borrow from. Any benefit to adding nitrifying bacteria purchased from fish store?
<Perhaps, but I wouldn't personally bother. The bacteria are likely in the tank already, and it's simply a question of allowing them enough time to recover. Adding some live *media* would start filtering the water immediately, but adding bacteria is really not doing anything beyond "seeding" the aquarium with bacteria, which you already have.>
I know they have liquid and freeze dried versions.
<Neither of which are terribly highly regarded among those of us who've been doing this awhile...>
Or, perhaps I could buy a scoop of sand or some filter media from my fish store.
<Always the risk of introducing diseases and/or snails. What actually does work rather better is adding a clump of some type of floating plant. Their feathery roots support LOTS of bacteria, and they also remove ammonia
directly from the water. Indian Fern would be my pick of the bunch, but whatever you can get will likely do. Often these are sold in pots, so they're relatively unlikely to be carrying Whitespot or snails.>
Cheers,
D
<Cheers, Neale.>

Re: Tadpole nursery 6/22/10
Hi Neale,
<Hello Diana,>
I am following up on our series of emails with a status report. I was away for 4 days so I was anxious to see how everything survived while I was gone. And, I must say I am pleasantly surprised!
<Good to hear.>
Before leaving I added some floating lettuce of some sort, changed 25% of the water, and instructed my husband to feed the frogs every other day.
<Clearly a man who understands his responsibilities!>
Upon my return today the ph is 8.0, KH 6-7 and the ammonia maybe 0.25.
<Curious.>
In addition, I have noticed green algae on the side of the tank which I haven't seen for quite a while.
<Green algae is not too difficult to eliminate. If you can, pick up one or two Nerite snails. They don't breed under aquarium conditions, and eat green algae from glass most effectively. The ones called 'Batman Snails' (Neripteron auriculata) and 'Spiny Nerites' (Clithon spp.) would be ideal.>
Best of all, everyone who was there when I left is accounted for and alive So, I feel that I am on my way to restoring my tanks balance.
<Indeed.>
Thank you for your advice, patience and wisdom. You have gotten me through yet another tough spot.
<Always nice to hear.>
Would it be safe to replace the cherry and Amano shrimp that I lost with the crash or should I wait?
<I'd wait a few weeks, just to see what happens.>
Thanks Neale. You are a true sage!!
<Very kind.>
Diana
<Cheers, Neale.>

African Dwarf Frog TADPOLES!!! Need help...pretty please?? - 02/09/2007 Hey there ya'll, <Christa> My name is Christa, and I have a total of three (3) ADF's'¦two (2) in one tank all by themselves (And Fishy Furniture of course) and the other one is in our 20 gallon tank with a few fish and a pleco. The reason for my request for information is this'¦ It was time for a partial water change in Waldo and Newbie's tank. (the two ADF's that live together) I know that I have a male and a female, because I have seen them mate before. However'¦I got these two little cuties when they were the size of a small peanut, and since the males do not reach sexual maturity until after the 6 month mark, I didn't have any tadpoles that produced from their frolicking. Well'¦later on that night, after I did the water change, I noticed they were mating. I didn't really pay it any mind, since there has been no 'luck' in the past. (Boy was I wrong!!) The next morning when I woke, I walked downstairs to turn all the tanks on and feed everyone, and low-and-behold, there were hundreds of little eggs throughout the floating grasses at the top of the water and clinging to all sides of the hexagon-shaped tank. <Neat> I discussed maybe raising them, with my boyfriend. (who is more the nature-type than myself'¦ just being honest. I'm a City-Girl.) He asked me a very good question'¦ 'What in the world did I intend to do with all the baby frogs?' So, I spoke with a local Fish and Supply store here in our neighborhood and asked if they would be interested in taking them off my hands (most of them anyways'¦ I would like to keep a few) when they are a little older and much to my surprise, he said he would love too. <Oh yes... are good sellers> So the journey has begun!! Yeah!! I can't wait to watch this. I've never seen anything like this before. Again'¦'City Girl'. So the little-guy's have hatched, and are swimming around with itty-bitty tails. It only took about 3 days!! I have received many ideas as to what to feed them, such as lightly steamed zucchini, lightly crumpled lettuce that has been sitting in room temp water for 4-6 days, someone even said regular old fish flakes. <Mmm, yes... and perhaps a bit of "cultured" algae... "Nori, Kombu"... from Asian food stores or the area in your food stores...> I am open for anymore suggestions. I also understand that they need fresh water and just how important this is to their survival. <A good idea to make quite frequent small change-outs... ten percent every few days...> To The Point Your web site has been rather helpful in raising my ADF's. However, I can't seem to get an answer to a few questions I have on raising these teeny-tiny tadpoles. And I mean Teeny-Tiny!! I have these little fellas (tadpoles) in a 2.5 gallon hexagon shaped tank with a filter that suctions from the bottom, and there's a clear cylinder in the back with bubbles that rise from the bottom. I really don't know what kind of filtration systems it is called, so I tried my best to describe it. My questions are these'¦ <Best to use a "sponge" or foam filter here... See Eheim or Jungle Laboratories sites re...> 1. Should I turn the filter off? They are going for one heck-of-a roller coaster ride when they are swept around by the rising bubbles. <Yes... I would switch to the filtration method mentioned above... or an "open" (top off) box filter with just Dacron filter media...> 2. How often should I feed them? You can't really tell with their tummies. They don't have any yet. <Daily... I would keep food present most all the time> 3. How warm should I have the temperature set at? It is at 78 degrees right now. <This is fine... put the term "Hymenochirus culture" in your search tools...> 4. Should I leave the light on all night? Someone told me that they thrive on the micro-organisms that grow in the water and this promotes the growth? True or False?? <Mmm... do need, use "infusoria" but I would turn the light off regularly> 5. What should I really be feeding them? The suggestions I've gotten sound a little weird. <See, weed through the above search...> 6. How often do I need to do a partial water change for these little guys? <Often... as stated above> So, that's about it. Thanks for keeping this web site up and operational. It has been a great source of valuable and extremely hard to find elsewhere information. New Tadpole Mommy Manassas, VA <I do wish we had more on this species, the whole Order, much MUCH for other groups... In time... And congratulations on your efforts. Bob Fenner>

Dwarf frog update, repro. 9/23/07 Hi, it's Betty, owner of Slim and Chance, the dwarf frogs, so named because I really didn't think they'd make it when I bought them more than a year ago. They were so tiny, I was just sure I'd kill them somehow. But they've actually thrived under my care, and as luck would have it, Slim turned out to be male, and Chance turned out to be female. So for the last few months, those two have been mating like crazy, and I thought, "That's cool, I haven't seen a tadpole-to-frog transformation since I was a kid." So I began trying to raise the tadpoles by putting them in a different tank, and at first, I didn't have much luck keeping them alive. Then I started keeping some of them in the tank with the frogs, and some of them separated, with mixed results. Actually, I noticed that the ones in the frog tank seemed to do better than the ones I took out. Then I discovered a tadpole that was much bigger than the rest (I've named him Tadzilla). <Good name> I put him in his own tank, because he was harassing the smaller tadpoles; now he has developed "arms" and legs and I'm just waiting for his tail to disappear. In the meantime, Slim and Chance are still going at it, churning out batch after batch of eggs. And I discovered just yesterday that the tadpoles still in the frog tank are actually eating the eggs! <Ah yes> I came home to find these "little" tadpoles looking like miniature beach balls with tails. What I'm wondering is will they continue to eat frog eggs till they die from too much food? <Seemingly, but no> I gave some eggs to Tadzilla and he scarfed them down too. I guess it's good protein, but should I be concerned about leaving the eggs where the tads can continue to gorge themselves? <Only if you want to rear the new ones> And what about Slim and Chance -- will they EVER stop making babies??? <Will happen, assuredly> I'm reminded of the person who wrote that his female frog is a "professional egg layer." I know just what he means. Any advice? <"You gotta keep 'em separated..." only if you intend to be a breeder of proportion... I'd look around and raise, sell your excess... Bob Fenner>

Is it OK to feed dwarf frog tadpoles to my dwarf puffer? 7/15/07 Hi, it's me -- Betty -- <Hi Betty, it's me--Pufferpunk.> owner of dwarf frogs Slim and Chance, and also the owner of a dwarf puffer named Puff-Diddy. <I remember you!> Well, my dwarf frogs have finally mated successfully and now I'm the proud owner of lots and lots of teeny, tiny tadpoles. I don't really want any more dwarf frogs (although I do love Slim and Chance). I'm aware that they'll eat their babies if they're in the same tank, so I'm cool with that. I was wondering if I could feed some tadpoles to the dwarf puffer? Will he eat tiny tadpoles and will they be OK for him to eat? Also, could I try feeding tadpoles to Flash, my male Betta? <I don't think they would hurt but I also don't believe that would be a natural food for a puffer. I suppose they might come across tadpoles in nature. Try it & find out. Just be sure to remove any uneaten parts. ~PP><<RMF would raise the ADFs, sell them for big bongo bucks, buy frozen foods to feed the GSPs with the profits...>> Betty Williams

Re: Is it OK to feed dwarf frog tadpoles to my dwarf puffer? & Breeding Frogs 7/17/07 OK, here's a follow-up: Today I noticed the tadpoles were dead or dying, so I went ahead and gave some to my dwarf puffer, and he scarfed them down like potato chips! It was neat to watch. However, I did hope that some of the tads would survive to adulthood. I have a friend who would like a pair of frogs like mine. So I'd like to know when Slim and Chance are likely to mate again? If well conditioned and the water stays clean you have a pretty good chance of them going again.> How many times a year do dwarf frogs typically mate? < Depends on the pair and on the conditions. I am not sure but I think they can breed at least twice a year but the pair must be well feed.> I also realize I wasn't exactly prepared to raise tadpoles; I didn't have them in a heated tank, and I never could find a place that sold LiquiFry. I just crushed some Fish and Tadpole Bites and scattered them in the bowl they were in. So I'd like to be better prepared next time the blessed event occurs. Any recommendations? < Try Spirulina powder sold in health food stores. It is a powdered form of algae. Or try crushed Spirulina flake food from OSI.-Chuck>

African Dwarf Frog TADPOLES!!! Need help...pretty please?? - 02/09/2007 Hey there ya'll, <Christa> My name is Christa, and I have a total of three (3) ADF's'¦two (2) in one tank all by themselves (And Fishy Furniture of course) and the other one is in our 20 gallon tank with a few fish and a pleco. The reason for my request for information is this'¦ It was time for a partial water change in Waldo and Newbie's tank. (the two ADF's that live together) I know that I have a male and a female, because I have seen them mate before. However'¦I got these two little cuties when they were the size of a small peanut, and since the males do not reach sexual maturity until after the 6 month mark, I didn't have any tadpoles that produced from their frolicking. Well'¦later on that night, after I did the water change, I noticed they were mating. I didn't really pay it any mind, since there has been no 'luck' in the past. (Boy was I wrong!!) The next morning when I woke, I walked downstairs to turn all the tanks on and feed everyone, and low-and-behold, there were hundreds of little eggs throughout the floating grasses at the top of the water and clinging to all sides of the hexagon-shaped tank. <Neat> I discussed maybe raising them, with my boyfriend. (who is more the nature-type than myself'¦ just being honest. I'm a City-Girl.) He asked me a very good question'¦ 'What in the world did I intend to do with all the baby frogs?' So, I spoke with a local Fish and Supply store here in our neighborhood and asked if they would be interested in taking them off my hands (most of them anyways'¦ I would like to keep a few) when they are a little older and much to my surprise, he said he would love too. <Oh yes... are good sellers> So the journey has begun!! Yeah!! I can't wait to watch this. I've never seen anything like this before. Again'¦'City Girl'. So the little-guy's have hatched, and are swimming around with itty-bitty tails. It only took about 3 days!! I have received many ideas as to what to feed them, such as lightly steamed zucchini, lightly crumpled lettuce that has been sitting in room temp water for 4-6 days, someone even said regular old fish flakes. <Mmm, yes... and perhaps a bit of "cultured" algae... "Nori, Kombu"... from Asian food stores or the area in your food stores...> I am open for anymore suggestions. I also understand that they need fresh water and just how important this is to their survival. <A good idea to make quite frequent small change-outs... ten percent every few days...> To The Point Your web site has been rather helpful in raising my ADF's. However, I can't seem to get an answer to a few questions I have on raising these teeny-tiny tadpoles. And I mean Teeny-Tiny!! I have these little fellas (tadpoles) in a 2.5 gallon hexagon shaped tank with a filter that suctions from the bottom, and there's a clear cylinder in the back with bubbles that rise from the bottom. I really don't know what kind of filtration systems it is called, so I tried my best to describe it. My questions are these'¦ <Best to use a "sponge" or foam filter here... See Eheim or Jungle Laboratories sites re...> 1. Should I turn the filter off? They are going for one heck-of-a roller coaster ride when they are swept around by the rising bubbles. <Yes... I would switch to the filtration method mentioned above... or an "open" (top off) box filter with just Dacron filter media...> 2. How often should I feed them? You can't really tell with their tummies. They don't have any yet. <Daily... I would keep food present most all the time> 3. How warm should I have the temperature set at? It is at 78 degrees right now. <This is fine... put the term "Hymenochirus culture" in your search tools...> 4. Should I leave the light on all night? Someone told me that they thrive on the micro-organisms that grow in the water and this promotes the growth? True or False?? <Mmm... do need, use "infusoria" but I would turn the light off regularly> 5. What should I really be feeding them? The suggestions I've gotten sound a little weird. <See, weed through the above search...> 6. How often do I need to do a partial water change for these little guys? <Often... as stated above> So, that's about it. Thanks for keeping this web site up and operational. It has been a great source of valuable and extremely hard to find elsewhere information. New Tadpole Mommy Manassas, VA <I do wish we had more on this species, the whole Order, much MUCH for other groups... In time... And congratulations on your efforts. Bob Fenner>

Dwarf Frog Tadpoles and Eggs I'm hoping you can help me, my dwarf frogs have been laying eggs for months, this time I actually have tadpoles swimming around in the aquarium. I'm fearful that the big ones will eat the tadpoles but I'm not sure which ones I should transfer into a new home and what to do. <It is a good idea to move the adults and any other livestock other than the tadpoles, and raise them where they are currently> I'm not prepared because I didn't think the eggs would actually do anything and by switching the big ones to a different tank I'm afraid I might shock them. Also what do the tadpoles need to eat? <Do start preparing water to change that which is in the system (best to store it in a clean (no soap residue) container for a week or more... I would also add a sponge filter or two here... good for these animals who can be messy, and not a problem in terms of "sucking them up". You can feed them on a number of foods... blanched zucchini, fish flake foods, pellets... just take care to NOT overfeed. Bob Fenner> HELP!!!! Is there anything I can do and if so what.

Re: Your Dwarf Frogs Robert: Sorry to bother you again but now I think I have another problem. My female frog the professional egg layer looks as if she is going to blow up. Since I last e-mailed you she has laid two more batches of eggs. I did remove the adults from the one aquarium to another but that was prior to the two additional batches. The male appears to be fine and thin but I swear if I stuck her with a pin right now she would fly to the moon. Is there anything I can do or is this usual? <Hmm, likely not unusual... seasonal... hopefully not egg-bound> I'm afraid she might die if I don't try and help her. Sorry to be such a pest but I've had these guys for five years and I've become quite attached. <I understand... most of what I might suggest is worse than waiting/seeing. Bob Fenner>

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