The thirteen species of Anampses are commonly labeled as Tamarin Wrasses in reference to all but ones colorful appearance. Unfortunately the members of this genus rate an overall (3) or the lowest score in survivability. For a few reasons, mostly rough handling and shipping stress Anampses wrasses come in beat from collection and never recover. If you're determined to try to keep one, take extra care to select a specimen that is in exemplary condition, with no bloody markings or raw marks around the mouth, that is up and swimming. And follow through with making sure it's getting enough food (mainly interstitial fauna... i.e. benthic and between sand grain invertebrates). to sustain itself, and has an adequately deep and fine substrate to sleep within (as in under the surface) at night. Due to their frailty and inherent food-picking behavior I encourage you to look at hardier and less-burrowing species of wrasses, though I have seen Anampses kept successfully in full-blown reef systems (mainly for the control of pesky pyramidellid snails that predate hobbyist's Tridacnid clams). Note: these wrasses are infamous "jumpers".
Two very similar Anampses, the White-Spotted Wrasse (Anampses melanurus Bleeker 1857) and Yellowtail Wrasse (Anampses meleagrides Valenciennes 1840) are often mixed-up in identification in the trade (both sold as Yellowtail Wrasses). Both have yellow tails, but the White Spotted lacks the bold black margin of the Yellowtail. Both these and the less frequently encountered but also similar White-Dashed Wrasse (Anampses lineatus Randall 1972) ship and do poorly (3's) in captivity.
Tamarins are tropical to sub-tropical in the Indo-Mid Pacific; Red Sea to the Tuamotus, Hawai'i, in shallow rocky/coral reefs.
Most Anampses Wrasses max. out at about three-four inches. The large species attain half a foot in total length.
Selection: General to Specific
These fishes are very hard to access in terms of likelihood of surviving, most are doomed on-arrival. You should look a prospective purchase over carefully, and leave on site for at least the first few days (better a couple of weeks) after your dealer receives them, to assure they are going to make it past this phase. With Anampses, the most important deciding criteria is appearance of damage, then feeding. Re behavior; they should be out and about, looking over, sampling their environment, and aware of your presence.
Look at the mouth especially for signs of wearing, tearing (any marking, sign of bloodiness should disqualify the purchase). Any reddening on the body, especially at the origins of the unpaired fins should disqualify your purchase. After they settle in, offer some sort of meaty food, fresh or defrosted. A healthy specimen should react/eat.
Anampses as a whole require reef-tank conditions. Live rock systems that are under-crowded and well-established.
A broken rocky reef area where your specimen can hide out and skulk, with some finer substrate with life in it to root around in is called for.
As stated, optimized, stable reef water quality is necessary. Touchy to temperature changes, higher nitrate concentrations.
Tamarins should not be kept with other larger fishes; they are definitely only for reef set-ups. Large, coral containing systems with vigorous water movement are ideal.
Unless the system is huge (hundreds of gallons), I'd keep them one to a tank; they are almost always solitary, territorial as adults in the wild and captivity.
These fishes are almost always beat and prone to infectious and parasitic disease when imported; I would quarantine/harden new introductions for a good two-three weeks before placing them in a main/display tank.
Anampses wrasses are generally "live and let live" with other fishes, but may consume snails and crabs (including the False Crabs called Hermits).
Feeding/Foods/Nutrition: Types, Frequency, Amount, Wastes
Finicky feeders of all but acknowledged, fresh, frozen, prepared or natural meaty foods. Some sort of meaty food should be offered twice daily as these are active fishes. Ideally, their system will involve a living sump/refugium that produces copious amounts of crustacean and worm life for their consumption.
Disease: Infectious, Parasitic, Nutritional, Genetic, Social
As reef fishes go Anampses wrasses are disease prone, typically the first to show signs of bacterial, protozoal or parasitic problems. Look to them to show evidence of poor water quality.
Tamarin wrasses are indeed beautiful, interesting
behaviorally, dynamic in their movement and other behavior, but
tragically poor shippers and survivors in captive systems... They must
be kept individually by collectors, covered to prevent jumping, shipped
in large bags that lack corners, with lots of water and oxygen... and
fine sand to make them feel at ease and prevent "rubbing"
damage... and then carefully maintained in reef conditions to survive
and hopefully thrive.