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/A Diversity of Aquatic Life

Snappers, Family Lutjanidae
Part 2

part 1, part III

 

By Bob Fenner

 
Lutjanus decussatus (Cuvier 1828), the Checkered Snapper. Western Pacific and Eastern Indian Ocean from New Guinea to Southern India. This one off of Gili Air, Lombok, Indonesia. To one foot in length. 

Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskal 1775), the Black-Spot Snapper. East Africa, the Red Sea to Samoa. To fourteen inches in length. This one off of Queensland, Australia. Note the yellow lateral stripes that the similar L. russelli lacks.

Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801), the Blacktail Snapper. Indo-Pacific; East Africa to Marquesas, Line Islands, Japan, Australia. Occasionally used as an aquarium fish. Young found in sheltered bays, around mangroves. Adults on surrounding reefs near boulders. Feed at night on fishes, crustaceans, sea cucumbers, squid and octopus. Pix from Hawai'i (aquarium at Waikiki), Bunaken, Indonesia and Nuku Hiva, Marquesas, Polynesia.   http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/ SpeciesSummary.cfm?ID=262&genusname=Lutjanus&speciesname=fulvus
Lutjanus griseus (Linnaeus 1758), the Gray Snapper. Tropical West Atlantic. Freshwater, brackish, marine. 89 cm., 20 kg. maximum. Occasionally imported as juveniles for the aquarium interest. Nocturnal feeder on fishes, crustaceans, worms. 

Lutjanus guttatus (Steindachner 1869), the Spotted Rose Snapper. Sea of Cortez to Peru. To 40 cm. Costa Rica (Pacific side) 2011

Lutjanus inermis (Peters 1869), the Golden Snapper. Mexico to Panama on the Pacific coast. To 35 cm. "Normal" adults in Costa Rica (Pacific side) 2011


Lutjanus jocu (Bloch & Schneider 1801), the Dog Snapper. Western Atlantic; Massachusetts to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico, and the Easter Atlantic; St. Paul's Rocks and Ascension Island. To Thirty two inches maximum length. A one foot specimen off of Belize, another off of Cancun. 

Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790, the Big Eye Snapper. Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to the Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia. To 35 cm. inches maximum length. This one off of Pulau Redang, Malaysia.   http://fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?ID=159&genusname=Lutjanus&speciesname=lutjanus

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Of the handful of species so marked, the Blue-and-Gold-Striped Snappers (Lutjanus kasmira and Lutjanus quinquelineatus from the Indo-Pacific, and Lutjanus viridis of Mexico's western coast) occasionally found in the trade are exemptions to the "one-to-a-tank" snapper rule. These smaller Lutjanids (about a foot), are best kept in a small school, of 3-5 individuals.

Lutjanus kasmira (Forsskal 1775), the Common Bluestripe Snapper. Indo-Pacific; Red Sea, eastern Africa to the Marquesas, south to Australia, over to the Southeast Atlantic; South Africa. Here in the Maldives and Australia. Note the lower third of the body is white and the presence of only four blue stripes... distinguishing marks from the Five-Lined Snapper below.


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Lutjanus mahogani (Cuvier 1822), the Mahogany Snapper. Tropical West Atlantic; N. Carolina to Venezuela. To 19 inches in length (most much smaller). Bonaire.

 

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Lutjanus quinquelineatus (Bloch 1790), the Five-Lined Seaperch. Persian Gulf to Fiji. To fifteen inches in length (most much smaller). This eight inch individual off of Heron Island, GBR, Australia.

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To: part 1, part III

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