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FAQs on Long Tentacle Anemone Disease/Health 1

Related Articles: LTAs, Anemones, Bubble Tip Anemones, Cnidarians, Coldwater Anemones, Colored/Dyed Anemones

FAQs on LTA Disease: LTA Hlth./Dis. 2, LTA Hlth./Dis. 3, LTA Hlth./Dis. 4, LTA Hlth./Dis.
FAQs on Anemone Disease by Category: Diagnosing, Environmental (Pollution/Poisoning, Lighting...), Nutritional, Social (Allelopathy...), Trauma, Pathogenic (Infectious, Parasitic, Viral) Predatory/Pest, Treatments 
LTA Reproduction
Related FAQs: LTAs 1, LTAs 2, LTA Identification, LTA Behavior, LTA Compatibility, LTA Selection, LTA Systems, LTA Feeding, LTA Reproduction, Anemones 1, Anemones 2, Anemones 3, Anemones 4, Bubble Tip Anemones, Caribbean Anemones, Condylactis, Aiptasia Anemones, Other Pest Anemones, Anemones and Clownfishes, Anemone Reproduction, Anemone Lighting, Anemone Feeding, Anemone Systems, Anemone Identification, Anemone Compatibility, Anemone Selection, Anemone Behavior, Anemone Health, Anemone Placement

New Print and eBook on Amazon:  

Anemone Success
Doing what it takes to keep Anemones healthy long-term

by Robert (Bob) Fenner

Re: New LTA question   5/25/07 Thanks for the response Bob!  Yesterday, the Anemone changed from a  ball to a deflated, wrinkled half ball.  Still has it's red coloring <This is normal, natural> and changes shapes slowly.  The clown fish are trying to get inside of it most of the time. <You might do well to cover this animal for now, to keep the Clowns away... they may well be damaging this organism>   This morning it looked virtually the same but had greenish tentacles coming out of the bottom area. <? Is this anemone upside down?>   (Well, it look like it was coming out of the bottom but I'm not sure). I took pictures of it yesterday and brought them with to the store I bought it.  The owner just smiled and said, "That's what Anemone's do. <... no> He's just getting acclimated to the new environment. Just leave him alone."  I picked up some silversides and hope to someday have use for them. I am interested in your comment about a possible conflict with the corals I have.  Currently, I have the Anemone placed about six inches away from a bubble coral <I see this... and this is WAY too close for an anemone to be near a Plerogyra> and, since the Anemone was blowing around, I moved a piece of live rock in front of him that has some green mushroom corals on it. <And these too...>   This changed the flow so he's not being blown around anymore.  It was the next day, however, that he changed into a ball....so perhaps the rock with mushroom coral is part of the reason? <My friend... please read, investigate before you buy anything live... Your mis-steps here may cause your system to crash... Really> I've also re-started two of the four power heads to keep the tank flowing.  They do not place added flow on the Anemone, so it's been pretty stable.  It seems to be a good compromise for the fish until the Anemone situation is rectified.  After only 1 day with the power heads off I was surprised to wake up to a half dozen 1/4 inch bristle worms on my front glass.  (I've only seen a couple of 1 inchers in my refugium in the past).  My Copper banded Butterfly was eager to pick them off for me.  Anything I need to know/do about the Bristle worms?  I've placed a couple of the traps in the water, but didn't catch anything with the bait they sent with the trap.   I've sent two pictures along.  One show's it's placement in back of the bubble and mushroom coral.  The other is just of the Anemone. (Sorry...Not the best pictures. Darn cell phone cameras!) Thanks again, and in advance of your next response. Thanks, Gregory E. <Read re the compatibility of the Stinging-celled life you have here... and soon Greg. Bob Fenner>

Re: New LTA question  - 05/26/07 Will do, Thanks.  You know what?  I think you are right...it must be upside down as the bottom of the Anemone was red and that's what's on top now.  I think I'll take this opportunity to move it very far away from the corals.  I'll do the reading you suggested right away. <Ah, good. RMF> Thanks, Gregory
Re: New LTA question  - 05/26/07
     Thanks for your help Bob, but it appears the bad advice I got yesterday from my fish store proved to be costly.  I rushed home from work to find that, as you guessed, the Anemone was upside down.  The red underside began disintegrating as I started turning it over.  More of the same when I got it right side up and let a small amount of current pass over it.  I then called the fish store and they told me to "leave it in my tank for a day to see what happens <What? No!> and they couldn't tell me more unless they saw it."  Umm, I brought a picture of it in yesterday and they didn't even notice it was upside down.  After giving it a half hour to move, I finally removed it from the tank to avoid an ammonia problem. <This and worse> It was already dead.  I'm upset that I didn't notice that it was upside down.  Even a little more that they didn't as this is the premier fish store in my area of Park Ridge, IL....and I was speaking with the owner.             I bought the clown fish and Anemone as I wanted that fish/anemone activity in my tank.  I would not have purchased the clown fish on their own.  Is it probable that a new anemone would attract the clown fish or am I out of luck? <Please... read> Currently, they seem to be hanging around my bubble and elegance corals. Thanks again, Greg E <RMF>

What happened to my LTA, Macrodactyla doreensis and my Shrimp, Lysmata debelius, Lysmata amboinensis? -- 5/20/07 I am having problems with my saltwater tank.  It consisted of 2 Macrodactyla doreensis, <<Two?! No! RMF>> 2 Amphiprion percula, 1 Lysmata amboinensis, and  2 Lysmata debelius. It all started when one of the LTA incased itself and would show no tentacles. Soon after, one of the Lysmata debelius died. I tested the water (Ammonia: 0.50ppm, <<Danger Will Robinson! RMF>> Nitrite: 0ppm, Nitrate: 10-15ppm, pH: 8.0-8.2) and did a water change.   <What is the temperature, salinity, alkalinity, and tank size?  How long have you had each of these animals?> I pulled the incased LTA and put him in another tank, he was dead the next morning. The Lysmata amboinensis and the other Lysmata debelius were also dead that morning in the other tank. I tested the water again and got the same readings I then did another water change. The fish seem to be doing fine and the other LTA seems to be hanging on for right now.  I just don't know where to go from here. I checked everything, filter is running fine, I don't over feed the tank, and the tank has been established for 2-3 years. <What have you been feeding the anemones?  Are you dosing the tank with anything?> Is it one of those mysteries I may never solve? <Possibly> Thank you for any input that you have. <You're welcome!> You guys all do a great job! <Thank you!  Brenda>

LTA vs. Power head -- 3/09/07 <Hi Chris, Brenda here> First of all, like everybody else, I want to say thank you for all you guys do.  You really have helped a lot of people and marine animals!!! <You're welcome> Well, to start off, today I came home to find that my wife had purchased a LTA. She had called me earlier and said that when she had put it in the tank, it went to the back in back of the rocks, so she said that when I got home, I could get her out and put her in front. <It is best to leave them alone.  It was still acclimating and looking for a comfortable place in its new environment.> I came home from school, only to find the tank semi cloudy and that the anemone was partly sucked up in one of the power heads, so I immediately turned the power head off, and pulled it out and took off the part she was hooked onto and put her in a bucket with tank water. I tried to pry her out as gently as I could from the screen and then placed her after rinsing her off a little bit with that same water in my smaller tank. <Power heads are dangerous to anemones, they need to be covered.  Here are some ideas:     http://www.karensroseanemones.com/coverpowerheads.htm  > She is pretty beat up on one half, I would really like to save her because she is really pretty, but what can I do other then try and letting her heal herself?  Let me know what I can do please! <The best thing that you can do now is keep your water parameters perfect. Keep a close eye on it.  If it starts to look like it is melting or decaying, it is time to remove it and do a water change before it pollutes the rest of your tank.  If things are going good after a few days, try feeding a ¼' sized portion of silversides that has been soaked in Selcon.> I also did a partial water change to the big tank to get some of the cloudiness out, I have my skimmer on and so it is starting to clear up already. <Good!  Be prepared to do more water changes.> I'm glad that all of her didn't get chopped up, then I would really be in trouble. Please let me know how to proceed. I have attached some pics of the anemone, my tank and of some rocks. <Yes, I see the pictures.  The anemone is definitely not looking good, but I wouldn't give up hope.> I was hoping that you could identify what is growing on the rocks.  There is an orange jagged thing growing on one, and little round red/maroon things growing on the other one, I was thinking that they might be some type of coral but I'm not sure,   thanks for your help! <The red growing on the rock is a type of red algae.  Please search for red algae on WetWebMedia.  I'm not sure what the orange is, hard to tell by picture.   Any thoughts on this Bob? > Chris. <You're welcome!  Good luck with your anemone!  Brenda>
LTA attachment/health, sys. really    2/22/07 Hi, I purchased a LTA this past weekend.  It is purple in color and was fully open and seemed healthy in the LFS. <Was it buried in the sand there?> I inspected the foot and found no tears/abrasions. <Good>   I brought it home and acclimated it to my tank over about 2 hours.  My system consists of a 20g tall tank <Too small> with 10g sump/fuge, skimmer, 130w pc lighting...ammonia 0, nitrite 0, nitrate 5, ph 8.1, Alk 3.75, calcium 400, phosphate 0.05.  I placed it in my tank between two rocks in what I thought was a suitable location.  It opened up within an hour and looked happy in its spot.  There was no bleaching, but the mouth was open possibly 1/4".  Overnight it wandered to a corner of the tank with a powerhead where it has remained ever since.  It occasionally deflates for about 10 min.s, but winds up looking good as new a short time later.   <Not atypical behavior> Right now it is just lying on its side and doesn't seem to be attaching/burying itself to anything.  I left it alone till this afternoon when I went to great trouble to bury the foot. <Good> The LTA is very top heavy and the slightest current from either my sump return or powerhead (MaxiJet 900) would blow it away. <Mmm, needs much deeper sand... several inches perhaps> Finally, I was able to build a little mound for it, and it was sitting up at about a 45 degree angle.  I went and ate dinner and when I came back it had extended itself and plopped right back down horizontal on the sand.  I tried to feed it a pea sized piece of shrimp yesterday, and its tentacles held on to the food.  I watched it for about 10-15 min.s and it slowly brought the food closer to its mouth.  I had to leave, but when I returned the food was gone, although I don't know if it ate it.  I was hoping you could take a look at the attached pictures and give me any indications on the health of the anemone. <Does have the appearance of a very nice, healthy specimen> I know they are delicate and I get worried when it starts acting funny.  Also, any insight on this thing attaching? I don't want to stress it out too much by trying to bury it (its tricky) repeatedly. <... Really needs a much larger world... with deeper substrate. Please read here: http://www.wetwebmedia.com/macrodoreensis.htm The linked files above. Bob Fenner>

Unhappy Anemone   9/16/06 Hi Crew!! I think I have a very sad anemone (red long tipped). It has moved all over the place, it went from the light to hiding under some rocks. I doesn't open very much any more. I purchased it early July. I have T-5 lighting, Berlin protein skimmer, 2 power heads to circulate the water. For fish I have clownfish, yellow tang, emerald crabs, hermit crabs, 2- cleaner shrimp, royal Gramma, coral Gramma? ( I think that is what it is), green star polyp, candy cane coral, red mushrooms. I tested first Sept PH 8.2, Nitrate 5, nitrite 0.1 ammonia 0 , calcium 420-440, alkalinity 3. I do a 5 gallon water change weekly and add 1 cap iodine and strontium & molybdenum. Am I doing something wrong that is causing the LTA to be in distress. I was also having trouble with my mushrooms. They were flat to the rock, also look like they had white dots on them. I think I had them to close to the light I moved them to the bottom of the tank. They now seem to lift up like they have life to them now. But if you have any suggestions for them as well I will certainly appreciate it. Thanks hope to hear from you soon. Thanks for all your suggestions Janice <<Janice: My LTA is under 400W SE MH lighting.  Normally, people don't add such additives to the water.  Assuming your anemone has enough light, you should be feeding it.  Are you?  I feed mine 1/2 of a silverside every few days.  Best of luck, Roy>>

LTA/Health/Systems  - 06/07/2006 Hi, <Hello Charity> I was reading through your anemone FAQs and came across the advice to never buy a white anemone. <Think it meant a bleached anemone.> I was at the local fish store and had been researching and wanting a LTA for a while. Somehow I missed that advice before. I have a: 55 gallon long aquarium Wet/dry Excalibur skimmer 1 pygmy bicolor angel (6 months in tank) 1 maroon clownfish (3 yrs in tank) 1 yellow tang  ( 1 year in tank) 1 hippo tang (1 inch, 1 year in tank) 4 turbo snails 1 rock of mushrooms 1 green star polyp 1 Montipora orange 2 strips of coral life 65 *2 50/50 lights (260 w) 1 strip of 40 watt no fluorescent lights Ammonia:0 Nitrite: 0 Nitrate 10 ppm but did have a spike the night he was added. We did a 30 gallon water change that night. Calcium: 380 (slowly raising it up) Ph: ranges from 8.0 to 8.2 I have included pictures showing the decline over the last few days. Is there any chance of survival? I feed him silversides. The first night he took it immediately to his mouth. It has gotten slower over the last couple of days but he does still eat. <For starters, never attempt feeding an anemone until he anchors down and blooms. None of the pics indicate an anchoring took place.> Any advice you could provide would be wonderful! <It is not recommended having fish other than clowns in the company of anemones.  Also looks like water flow may be a little low.  Is your total flow at least 600gph?  I will post a link or tow here for you to read along with related links above.  Will provide a link with info on their care, requirements and keeping.  Do read along with related articles shown above title. http://www.wetwebmedia.com/marine/inverts/cnidaria/anthozoa/anemones.htm http://www.wetwebmedia.com/macrodoreensis.htm> Thanks! <You're welcome.  James (Salty Dog)> Charity <<James... where's the original msg., pix? RMF>>
Re:  LTA/Health/Systems  - 06/07/2006
Hi James, <Hello Charity.> Thanks so much for the quick reply. <You're welcome.> I do have 605 gph flow rated return on my tank. <Do take into account head pressure loss.  Will not have an actual 605gph, especially if the pump is of the powerhead type.> He was anchored to the glass under the sand at one point but he has fallen over and remained since my maroon has been bothering him. Should I move the sand back again. <Not necessary, the LTA should anchor itself in the evening when there are no menacing fish around.  You could put a clear acrylic/plastic perforated container over him until he anchors.  Will have to do the perforations yourself, unlikely you will find anything like this.> I will do the readings you suggested. <I hope you do.  We just do not have the time to elaborate on all the details of keeping anemones, that is what the Wet Web Site is for.  Can learn much by reading FAQ's on the subject also.  Do learn/use.> Thanks again! <You're welcome.  James (Salty Dog)> Charity
Re:  LTA/Health/Systems  - 06/07/2006
The link above has a title but no information. <Mmm, hasn't been penned yet, correct, Bob?  Other articles on anemones will steer you right since they share similar requirements/needs.  James (Salty Dog)> <<Correct James... there are many such articles/topics to be written... Not just by me! You may likely have more accurate, complete information re Actinarians use in captivity than moi... RMF>>

LTA behavior, health, systems   2/2/06 Hi guys!    wonderful site, great advice! Like many before me and very unfortunately many after me in July 2005 I made an impulse purchase, I purchased a long tentacle anemone. Everything was fine till about a month ago. Here are parts "article" I wrote for my website (to read it all www.homereefkeeping.com) it will explain my predicament: <Thank you for this> We bought an anemone in July of 2005. We got our Long Tentacle Anemone (LTA with a bright red stock) along with 2 True Percula Clownfish. The first mistake we made was not researching anemones and finding out how to care for them prior to making our purchase. Our second mistake was buying it on impulse. <Very common> It lived in it's cave for a while it would expand and half went from a pale cream color to a 'dusky pink', the other half being sheltered from the bright metal halides stayed the pale cream color. In mid October it moved from the cave to an opening in the rock on the left hand side of the tank. It would expand to the size of a typical dinner plate. We would feed it medium/large sized (about 1/3 of a shrimp) pieces of raw, thawed shrimp every 5 days or so.. It would take the food readily, fold back on itself, and would ingest the food given. The entire anemone turned a healthy 'dusky pink' <Yes... thank goodness energy/food provided by you through feeding... inadequate light response> Today's date is January 28, 2006 and since December (unfortunately I did not keep records, or dates) the anemone had been acting 'strange' for the last month. It would no longer expand fully, it had become difficult to feed, would retract on itself. It hasn't completely lost it's color. <Yes, bleaching...> Approximately 5 days ago the anemone 'fell' through the rocks, for about a day it hid under the rockwork; 3 days ago it moved to the back of the tank where it has been laying on its side. I thought it had died and tried to move it only to find out that it has attached itself solidly onto one of the rocks. For the last 2 days I've been feeding the anemone shrimp (that I put through the blender) and Mysis with a turkey baster. Here's where opinion vary; where I had read to feed the anemone large meaty chunks, on another site it said to feed it small shredded pieces of 'meat'. After a bit of consideration and seeing what we'd been through with our anemone I am most certainly starting to think that the shredded option makes a lot of sense. If you feed pieces of food that are too large the anemone cannot digest them and slowly expels the food. Thus making the anemone slowly starve, and all the while you think you've been feeding it. <Mmm, as long as the food is taken, ingested...> Well we are now Jan 31st, the anemone has gone back under rocks where I can't get to it's mouth, it inflated it's stock huge today and seemed the have some kind of line down the middle, now (4hrs later) it's slowly deflated itself. yesterday I saw its oral cavity and it was huge, much bigger than I'd ever seen it, today I can't see it so I don't know. Because it's under rocks I can't tell for the life of me if it's splitting, dying or just taking me for a ride on a nasty roller coaster (worried it's dying, then it looks "ok" then it disappears) Has anyone ever seen an anemone split? <Oh yes> How does it act before splitting? <Sometimes "out of the ordinary"... often not> what else could be wrong with it? <... a lack of light, circulation, metabolite poisoning, a dearth of biomineral, alkalinity...> I have a 65 gallon tank, 80lbs of Live sand, 120lbs of LR, a galaxy coral, a frogspawn coral, <... Oh, and allelopathy... chemical competition. These animals are problematic in the same water> 2 true Percs, a lawnmower blenny, 2 cleaner shrimp, scarlet crabs, blue legged crabs and an assortment of snails. The shrimp molt almost every 2 weeks. My water parameters are as follows : ammonia: 0, nitrite: 0 nitrate:0 phosphates:0-0.5 (gha prob...) ph: 8.0 to 8.3 depending on the time of day, temp: 79F salinity: 1.025 other than a drop in phosphates the water has been stable since it cycled in May 2005 I have a protein skimmer, 3 powerheads, a PhosBan/ROWAphos fluidizer (long cylindrical thing for active carbon and phosphate remover) up until 3 days ago had a Eheim canister filter (stopped it to see if it was the cause of high phosphates and my phosphates have dropped from 0.5 to 0) Thank you for all your help Catherine <Needs to be in a different system (w/o the Oculinid, Euphylliid) and more light... at least. Bob Fenner>

Anemone acting strangely... LTA in a ten gallon...   1/31/06 Hi there,     Fist of all, I should say that I've read over a lot of the already answered postings, and I can't find something that sounds just like the issue I'm having with my LTA.  I'm sorry if you already have answered this, though, and maybe I'm just using the wrong search keywords.   <Possibly... but may not be there. WWM will never be "done"> Anyways, about my anemone.  I purchased a gorgeous LTA from the LFS a little less than a week ago.  The man at the store told me to make sure I have strong circulation around the anemone, feed it silversides, and make sure to change my 96-watt bulbs if they are over a year old.  I did change my bulbs (they were about two years old) and made sure all circulation was strong (I even added a powerhead and bubble wall).  I slowly acclimated the anemone through about a one and a half hour acclimation of adding small amounts of my water to the bag water. <Were the new/old water qualities about the same?>   The anemone moved around the tank for several days <A bad sign> until it finally settled in two days ago between some live rock.  It inflated quite nicely and my clownfish seemed to show signs of accepting it (he was nudging it and laying on it).  I then fed it a light feeding of brine shrimp just to see if it would eat--it accepted it willingly.  Then, yesterday morning, the anemone had moved again and looked absolutely horrible.  It was laying on it's side, the tentacles were shriveled and limp looking, and there were large globs of slime and large, black, curled looking balls coming out of the anemone's mouth. <Very bad sign>   I called the fish store and they said it was most liking ridding itself of waste. <<Nope; dying>> Today it has moved again and still looks the same (more black balls have appeared and it's difficult to discern the tentacles).  My question is, is it ridding itself of waste or is it dying? <A bit of both>   I have a ten gallon aquarium (yes, I know 10-gallons are dangerous, <... not able to sustain this animal> but I have very stable conditions with 8.2 pH, 0 ammonia, nitrite, and 0-10 nitrates), 96-watt 50/50 PC lamp, strong filtration with a Skilter, powerhead, and bubble wall, and about 20-30 lbs of live rock. The temperature stays steady at about 82º.  The tank is about 2.5 years old and has had a clownfish and coral banded shrimp living in it happily the entire time.  Should I get the anemone out, or will it revive itself?   <Too likely it is dying, will take the rest of your livestock with it... This animal may well have not been well-adjusted from wild-collection, had troubles no matter what was done with it, but placing it in such a small volume... very small chance of success. Bob Fenner> Any help is greatly appreciated. Thanks, ~Jonathon
Re: Anemone acting strangely   2/1/06
Thanks for your help.  I finally decided to take the poor thing out and toss it...  It was beginning to cloud my water slightly and I figured it had to be dying.  I had great luck with a BTA about a year ago (it lived 8 months!), but I guess I should just give up on anemones since my tank is so small.    Thanks again, Jonathon <Ah, yes. Bob Fenner>

LTA Injured >Dear Crew: >>Dear Angie, using Jeffrey's email.. Marina here. >I have a 44 pent saltwater tank w/an undergravel filter/Power Sweep 228 powerhead, Eheim Classic 2217, JBJ power compact lighting (1 36w actinic,  1 36w 10K), 1 15w Marine-Glo, and a crushed shell base.  The depth is 22". >>Ok.  Since this question, I'm assuming, is about a long tentacle anemone, I'm wondering why you've gone with an undergravel filter (assuming you're new to saltwater). >Currently, I have about 15 lbs of live rock, 1 Gorgonia, 1 flowerpot coral w/barnacles (these look like skeletal hands, it's really cool), 1 Montipora w/button polyps, a large hunk of Porites, some mushrooms, Ricordea, and what I think to be "waving hands" coral (growing like crazy).   >>That would probably be Xenia. >I also have a panther grouper, a Fiji damsel, a cleaner shrimp, a red fire shrimp and a curlicue anemone that I've had for 2 years. >>You've had *that* mix of fish for two years???  I would expect the panther (which is in a pitifully small tank for its ultimate adult size) to begin slurping up what fits in its mouth as soon as it thinks they'll fit. >All are doing great!  Ph is 8.4, salinity is 1.025, temp is 76,  no ammonia, 'trites or 'trates. (Pods and serpent stars are throughout substrate and live rock.)  Recently, I added an LTA and noticed that its pedicle was damaged (don't know if it was during collection or bagging at the fish store).   >>Uh oh.. rough handling, bad juju. >It looks like a white ragged rip about 1/4" long across the foot, which is 3" in diameter.  It wants to anchor but won't/can't (it seems to hover over the substrate, not quite off, but not quite in)  The coloring is great and otherwise seems healthy.  Is this anemone doomed or is there a way I can facilitate its healing? (I plan on upgrading the lighting to 2 55w PC bulbs instead of the 2 36w PCs within the next month.) >>Glad to hear you're going to upgrade that lighting.  I strongly suggest you set up a small (ten gallons should do) hospital tank, and line it with well-washed Astroturf (yes, Astroturf!).  This helps removal once the anemone has healed.  I would line all surfaces (remember, you don't have to fill the tank all the way up with water) with the turf.  From here you have two choices; you can either keep water quality pristine as you do in your main and observe, or you can begin treating with Spectrogram.  In either case, handle the animal with care. >Your site is incredible, one of the most informative I have ever seen on the web.  Thank you in advance!  Angie S. >>Thank you, and you're welcome.  I do hope this helps.  Marina
LTA Injured - Pt. II
>So sorry about my husband's previous question about undergravs.  I told him to look through the FAQs first!   >>You've made my biggest smile for the day so far. >Thanks again for the response, but we are taking the LTA back to our LFS today and getting credit or a better specimen.   >>Sounds like a good idea to me.  Though, upon reading our FAQs, you'll notice that we strongly discourage keeping motile cnidarians (anemones) with sessile inverts, as they can move about and inadvertently sting them to death.  Just so you're aware of the possibility. >Have relocated the grouper to our trigger tank (don't gasp, they are about 3" compared to his 5" and either he is really docile -he thinks he's a dog!- or we feed him really well and regularly) and all are getting along.   >>No gasping here, I've had panthers and found them to be sufficiently "froggy" for lots of triggers.   >Thanks again for such informed people running a superb site!!!  Angie S. (Using Jeff's email again!!) >>You're quite welcome, and thank you!  Marina

Anemone health/husbandry 2/11/04 First thanks for the website and for all I have learned reading. <very welcome my friend... continue to learn and share> I have a question about my LT anemone.  (Hope the attached picture comes through)  I have had this anemone in my 180 for about two months.  The aquarium has been up for about seven months.  My lighting is VHO about 420 watts.   <hmmm... low light indeed. Needs to be around 500-600 watts (min) for most corals or anemones> This leads me to my question.  Can this LTA thrive under this lighting with supplemental feeding.   <hard to say... the feedings would have to be very heavy and nutritious (varied, gut-loaded and or laced... HUFA rich supplements, etc) if it even worked at all. I would suggest the addition of at least one 150 watt double ended 10k K HQI halide or comparable> I have two retro 175w halides I have been thinking about adding to my canopy, but I have heat concerns.   <halides really do not produce any more heat than properly installed fluorescents which need to be no more than 3" off the surface of the water to be effective (note this with your present VHOs). Halides at 6-9" with adequate ventilation are no trouble at all. The common problem is flawed canopy designs which are poorly vented> The LTA has moved a couple of times but seems to have settled in a spot.  The tank gets some sunlight, but more toward the other end than where the LTA has settled. Does it appear healthy?   <the pigmentation seems good> It expands and contracts often during the day - sometimes almost completely under the liverock.  Thanks for your advice. <please also note that you will have far bigger problem in t along run if this anemone is (unnaturally) mixed in with sessile corals. See biotope info on anemones. Best regards, Anthony>

LTA quarantine I have searched your info and can't seem to find quarantine procedure for anemones, if their is one. <Here: http://www.wetwebmedia.com/anempt2.htm> I have bought a LTA and the LFS is holding it until I find out a correct quarantine procedure--I seem to know more about fish than the LFS if you catch my drift--which is scary.  I consistently quarantine my new fish and would like some help on this anemone.  Please advise.  Thanks <Bob Fenner>

Long tentacle anemone who isn't happy Hello and thanks for the great info on your web site. I have an LTA who has been in my 38 gallon reef tank for 2 months. Initially, when I introduced it, it took over a week to settle in and bury its foot. Since then it has been healthy, eating small pieces of frozen (thawed) shrimp, and interacting well with my tomato clown fish. About a week ago its tentacles retracted and it has almost buried itself in the substrate in a small cave area under a piece of live rock. It is mostly in the shade and does not open up much during the day, but closes entirely during the night. Its tentacles have been almost gone for about 1 week now and I am very concerned for its health. <You should be> I know that my tank is small for an anemone, but my water quality is good: Nitrates and nitrites are 0, phosphates are 0.25 to 0, calcium is 380, pH is 8.3-8.4, and I have 110 W PC lighting and 60 W NO fluorescent lighting. Is there anything I can do to help my anemone? Thanks so much. Kevin England <Take the long read through our coverage on this and other large anemone's use in aquariums... Much could be amiss here... for instance, a mis-mix with other cnidarians... Bob Fenner>

Anemone question! 7/24/05 Greetings -- seems like there's a ton of people asking questions about anemones.  I'm now one of them! <People usually house them inappropriately (i.e.. keeping them in reef tanks) so they tend to have a lot of problems with them> I picked up a long tentacle from the local fish store about two weeks ago.  He's huge, and has looked great in the tank.  I fed him a small bit of krill -- under 1/4", from what I've read on the site.  I feed him generally every four days. <Sounds good>   Anyway, when I went to work this morning I noticed he looked a little smaller, but not a big deal.  When I got home, he looked completely dead; no water in tentacles at all, wasn't gripping the rock anymore (had fallen over on its side), etc.  Huge red base was just sitting out in the open.  The mouth wasn't open though.  I checked water parameters and things looked fine (temperature holds steady at 80-82 degrees in the tank all day.  The LFS was closed at this point so I figured I'd have to wait until tomorrow.  I went out to the store and came back and noticed its mouth was now open basically all the way, and that it looks like it spit something out... a brownish substance.  I've propped him up between a bunch of rocks, and dug a hole in the sand for him so that he'll stand up... but I don't know what else to do.  It keeps trying to stand up; some of the tentacles will inflate, and it'll rise up several inches from the base, then fall back down again.  If I prop it back up between rocks, it repeats the cycle and just gets taller and taller until it flops over again. <Sounds like it's on the verge of death, sorry to say> I have no other anemones, and the tank has been running for about a year and a half.  None of the fish are picking at it that I've seen.  I have a leather coral on the other side of the tank that appears to still be doing well.  The tank is a 36g bowfront.  I don't have a protein skimmer.  Lighting is 130W PC (one true actinic). <You have nowhere near enough lighting.  Next time, ask questions first, purchase second> Any clues?  I know it's hard to explain without pictures and without being here to see it, but I just find it weird that it would have died that quickly. <I don't.  Improper collection, improper acclimation, stress, low energy reserves, combined with poor lighting>   I just checked my water parameters again; the water doesn't smell but my alkalinity and nitrates are way above normal (pH 7.8, alkalinity 260, nitrites < 0.5 ppm, nitrates 100 ppm). <Well that explains the death right there.  Horrible water quality - your pH should be ~8.2+ at night, nitrites should be 0, nitrates should be less than 5ppm measured as nitrate ion>   I'm going to do a water change tomorrow and see if that cures those problems (can't do it tonight, no supplies, it's midnight). <Please do, and please read further about the husbandry of marine aquariums.  Look into your filtration/water circulation> Thanks <No problem.  With proper conditions, anemones can outlive their owners, but those conditions do need to be met.  A few weeks of diligent reading should ready you, and give you time to get your tank in order> - Will <M. Maddox>

More Anemone Woes'¦  9/23/05 <Adam J here.> Bryan here and I must first say that this is the best informative website I have found on marine life, keep it up you guys are the best! <Yeah I like this place too.> My question is about 2 LTA's I have in my 55gal, these are the only two inverts in the tank and not sure exactly how there health is.  First tank conditions Ammonia-0 Nitrite-0 Nitrate-12 <Try getting this as close to zero as possible, increasing the frequency of water changes is the easiest way.> Ph-8.5 Salinity-1.022 Temp-77 Substrate-crushed coral SeaClone 100 skimmer 330 BioWheel MaxiJet 900 powerhead <You may want to add a few more of these.> Lighting- 2ea 15w Actinic 03 blue, 2ea 15w Actinic full spectrum lights (I hope tomorrow I will be adding 1 ea 110w Actinic 03 blue light and 1 ea Aquasun 110w white light (both are VHO bulbs) <More lighting is definitely needed, as the current scheme is highly insufficient for the anemones, if they continue to be subjected to this they will meet a quick demise, so yes please upgrade.> 40lbs live rock (just coming to life, started them as base rock, but have awesome coralline growing now) 15 hermits 1-Clarkii, 1-yellowtail damsel, 1-purple Anthias, and 1-yellow tang (very small and will move as he get older) <Glad to hear it.> Anyhow, the blue LTA I placed in the middle of the tank on a rock, overnight it move down the rock to a spot in between three rocks where there is water flow, but not very strong and not in the brightness area of the tank (can't see if it foot is buried or not).  This does puzzled me because right now lighting levels is not where it needs to be. <Not really puzzling at all, the anemone is doing what comes naturally, moving to the substrate in which it can hide its 'foot.'> The Clarkii has taken to it very well, in fact, unless he is coming out of the LTA at night he has not come out for 2 days, not even to eat. <You can use a turkey-baster to direct food to him.> The colors look fine, but is there a chance it's dying? <Without food and light'¦.yes it will eventually die.>   I am not sure it is eating since the Clarkii will not leave. I started feeding it ChromaPlex and also use iodine supplements. <I would use 'heavier' meats of a marine origin, (i.e. squid and krill).> On to the green/purple LTA, from the time I put this one in, it went from being 4" to pretty much closing up.  I can't tell if it is moving or if it is just the current pushing it around.  I gave it a little help by placing next to two rocks, but still nothing, just laying on the bottom on it's side.   <Not a good sign.> Until my slow shipment of lighting arrives which was suppose to be here before the LTA's, I have place a Halogen light next to the tank shining in LTA direction, is this a bad idea?    <Better than nothing.> I also notice that it's mouth stays open for extended periods of time, and occasionally the base inflates for awhile than deflates.  What is going on with this LTA? <Likely in a slow demise at the moment.> Should I move the LTA to a hospital tank where I can provide 3-4w per gal? Until my other fixtures arrive? <Moving the animal may further stress it, leave it be for now.> Also the foot on both LTA's look fine when placed in the tank and still do (bright orange/red).  Should I be worried? <Well to be honest these anemones rarely acclimate and thrive in captivity, for the average hobbyist I rarely see them live longer than 2-3 months, they do best in shallow tanks with a DSB in which to bury their foot.  They also prefer 'intense' lighting. To give them the best chance, keep water quality pristine and target feed 1-2 times weekly.  Furthermore having two in a 55 gallon is not a good idea, I have seen up to 30' in diameter. Please read in the LTA FAQ's for more detail http://www.wetwebmedia.com/ltafaqs.htm .> Thanks Bryan <Adam J.>

Long Tentacle Tangled Anemone 10/11/05 Greetings and thank you for such a great site! <Hello, and thank you for the kind words.> I purchased 1 LT anemone a few days ago and have been very concerned with its health. Several of the little critter's tentacles appear to be tangled within one another. Imagine long clown balloons used for making balloon animals. The poor little tentacles seem to be tied up in this very fashion! I have observed 2 separate spots involving about 4 tentacles each. It almost seems like there is some fiber constricting these little clusters! <It may appear to be tangled but I can assure you that this is not a problem. They will never be sticking up from the base at a 90 degree angle swaying in perfect unison as a popular cartoon would suggest.> Additionally, it seems to have a difficult time staying "stuck" in its spot.  <Anemones often have trouble adjusting to captive environments. It may still be finding the spot it wants.>  It will appear to be stuck into the crushed coral only to roll over a few hours later and then recover once again. Should I attempt to move it to a rock for better "hold" and/or lighting?  <No you can damage it in this way, furthermore the Long Tentacle Anemone is properly placed in the sand bed and not the rock work.>  Its mouth is closed and it tentacles are inflated (save the "tangled" ones).  I have a 55 G tank w/ 55 pounds of live rock Emperor 400 and Aqua Clear 70 Berlin Air Lift skimmer <You may want to upgrade this eventually, if its working out and you have no nutrient problems then disregard this.> Two 65 watt 10,000K and two 65 watt True Actinic compact fluorescent Lamps <These may be inadequate for the anemone, monitor it for signs of bleaching and be sure to feed it once per week.> All test show levels at 0 (Ammonia, Nitrate, Nitrite) pH hovering at 8.1-8.2 Any help you could give me is much appreciated. <Read here http://www.wetwebmedia.com/macrodoreensis.htm, and read the linked FAQ's as well.> Brooke <Adam J.> 

LTA deflated Tentacles / Cyano Problems  11/7/05 Good Afternoon, I have a couple of questions regarding my 55g reef. I believe I may have a problem with my tank as I am experiencing some Cyano problems. Currently my water parameters are as follows: Salinity 1.026 pH 8.2 Ammonia .5 -1 <Trouble> Nitrite 0 Nitrate 0 Phosphate 0 KH 10 My anemone will open it's mouth everyday expelling a slimy substance and it's tentacles are deflated. <A good clue... something is amiss> It seems to almost flip inside out almost everyday. I know an anemone in general is hard to keep, but it was fine for the first two months with the water chemistry not changing much. My maxima clam and pipe organs are doing just fine though. Everything else in the tank is fine except a yellow tang that has died recently from unknown causes, my best guess is starvation as the seaweed I've been trying to feed her is getting taken away by my Clarkii clown. I actually only have about 25lbs of live rock and 15lbs what was sold as live rock but seemed like base rock. So if I count them, it'll be 40lbs which is probably too little for a reef tank. <Is fine for this size, shape, type system> I also have about 30lbs of Lava Rock <This may be problematical... I would at least have the water tested for iron content> I hope will eventually become "live." Should I buy more live rock? <Would help, yes> And if so, where can I purchase it at your site? <Mmm, we don't sell anything (other than the books, pix we produce...)> Here is my tank set up. Standard 55 gallon 80lb live sand 260w power compacts with 130w 10,000k and 130w actinic Tidepool I Mag Drive 7 AquaC Urchin with MaxiJet And its inhabitants: 2 Damsels Clarkii Clownfish Fire Shrimp 3 peppermint shrimps 2 conch 1 brittle star 15 blue leg hermits 10 red leg hermits 15 Astrea snails 2 emerald crabs bubble coral Maxima Clam Pipe Organ LTA Rusty gorgonian Various feather dusters Thanks for all your help! <I would keep an eye on the anemone, be ready to siphon/vac it out if/when it dies... something is awry in your system chemically... I would remove the lava rock precautionarily (is this a word?),  <<Not that I can find (other than a specific use in translated online Islamic texts), but we get your meaning.  Marina>> and look

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