What to do about the moss/algae
This is a pic looking down over my 29 Biocube. Can you identify my
bright green leafy plant?
I like it and my little gumdrop gobies love to hide in it. Can I prune
it back a bit?
<If you like.>
And I have developed an overgrowth of moss/algae.
<Looks like a Derbesia sp. Commonly referred to as hair algae.>
Not sure why or how. I'm scrubbing it off weekly and pulling it out in
tufts. Are my lights bad?
<Spectrum shifts in old bulbs can contribute to growth.>
Everything was moving along fine till about 2 months or so ago. Now I
have this miss everywhere. My parameters are right where they should be,
<Likely due to the algae consuming excess nutrients.>
so all I can think is it has to do with my stock light in the Biocube.
(I've only had the tank for about a year, and it was new when purchased)
<T5s generally need to be replaced every twelve months. Halides every
I have Chaeto in the back, and I also use a small phosphate filter in
the middle chamber. So, I'm not sure what causing the moss.
<Excess nutrients and possibly spectrum shift from old bulbs.>
Should I go to my LFS and get a few snails? Turbo?
<Pinpoint what is fueling the algae and remedy. Adding a predator is
simply a band-aid.>
Thanks for any help you can provide.
<Quite welcome, Jordan>
Halimeda propagation... From the mouths, keying of...
Dear Bob/Crew Member
I would like to spread Halimeda algae throughout my system.
Could I take a few coins, pulverise it in a blender (in tank water), and
then re-add it to the system?
<Mmm, better to simply "hand-break" apart and spread segments where you
want them... need to assure steady, high presence of ALL biomineral (Ca,
Mg) in proportion (about 1:3) ALONG with alkalinity>
I am thinking about dieback, then re-appearance in strange locations in
the tank, how does it do this?
<Systema naturae... conditions that favour it, exclude others>
Special cells or ones that modify on coming into contact with a
<What a great question... I don't know; but I suspect you have a
doctoral thesis and more going here>
Please tell me if this is a mad idea, and if there's a better way to do
<Not mad; and as above>
I have read and often hear that Halimeda takes a lot of the nutrients
from the tank. Other than Phosphates, Nitrates, and Calcium what other
nutrients does it take from the water?
<Some Magnesium of elements hobbyists have test ability for... Other
than these, other less to trace materials can be supplied through water
changes, feeding of other livestock. Bob Fenner>
Just a quick question today:
I've got a huge amount of Halimeda exploding in my tank (yeah, in
the display, I don't have a sump, and I kind of like the way it
looks). I have to cut it back weekly. I've let it grow out a bit,
though as I'm thinking of taking some to offer at my local reef
club. So I'm wondering how best to move it? Can a simple cutting
"take root" (or whatever they do), or should I pull bits out
from the rock?
<Both can work... some times becomes quite invasive...>
Then obviously transport in a bag in water, but what would the
recipient do with it? Just add it to their tank or sump, or do they
have to attach it somehow?
<Can attach with a bit of epoxy, reef "glue", or just bury
in substrate, place in cracks in the rock>
<Welcome. Bob Fenner>
Hello, My name is Luke and I own a 220 reef. My problem is my Halimeda,
the stuff is starting to take over, <Typical... but good in a way
(for nutrient export). Just be sure it's not sucking down your
calcium levels.> everything I have read has said that it should not
do that, its a solid root plant. <Hmm... do you not read WWM? Or
even Wikipedia? Halimeda is not a plant. It is an algae. Please see
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halimeda> I think it might be the fact
that I have a very large number of corals so I cant get down to the
roots, and that might be what is causing the spread. My question is how
do I kill it, without killing or slowing growth of my other corals,
lots of SPS. <You might just have to do your best to keep manually
removing it. I don't see any other way to kill it without risking
your corals. But I wouldn't get too down about it... having it grow
so well, and continually removing it is great for nutrient export.>
Thank you so much, Luke Hines <De nada, Sara M.>
Halimeda Removal 7/12/04 I have a 90 gallon predominantly SPS
tank. The tank is infested with Halimeda and I'm VERY
tired of manually removing it. The even bigger problem is
its growth is interfering with frags for space and its demolishing my
calcium levels. I use a calcium reactor and my tank seems to
be the ideal breeding ground for this algae. Is there
anything that might eat it? Any suggestions? <heavily
calcareous algae like Halimeda are generally unpalatable to most
herbivores. I cannot think of any reliably reef-safe grazers for you.
You are remitted to manual extraction. Be prepared to do a hearty water
change right after to remove it all by hand... try to cut it down to
the rocks or gently chisel it off (use a sharp chisel to wiggle and
scrape it off clean). Avoid tearing the "leaves" up much for
fear of noxious exudations (low risk) to the corals> I probably
remove a 2 quart container per month of the stuff. Matt
<no easy solution here Matt... just make sure you don't
contaminate your tank with fresh deodorant for how deep your arms will
be in the aquarium <G>. Best of luck, Anthony>
New Print and
eBook on Amazon
Marine Aquarium Algae Control
by Robert (Bob) Fenner