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/The Best Livestock For Your Reef Aquarium:

Sponges, Phylum Porifera, Part 3

To: Part 1, Part 2, Part 4, Part 5, Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10,
 

By Bob Fenner

 Principal marine organisms


Genus Calyx:

Calyx podatypa Dark Volcano Sponge. Tropical West Atlantic. Smooth surface, w/ volcano-like osculae. Often infested w/ Zoanthids as here in Cozumel 2012


Genus Cinachyra
:

Cinachyra sp. Orange Ball Sponge. Tropical West Atlantic, to 100 foot depth, under ledges, in protected areas. To about 1/2 foot diameter orange ball-shapes, with many excurrent siphons riddling their surface. St. Thomas image. 

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Genus Clathrina:

Clathrina canariensis Yellow Calcareous Sponge (Class Calcarea). A delicate, small (to four inches) bright yellow organism, made up of intertwined tubes. Tropical West Atlantic; usually found within caves or other shady spots. St. Thomas, U.S.V.I. 


Genus Clathria:
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Clathria mima (Laubenfels 1954). Indonesia. This one photographed to the north of Lombok. And another Clathria sp. in Fiji.


Genus Cliona:

Cliona delitrix Red Boring Sponge. To a foot in diameter. Large excurrent pores bore all the way down to the main body. Cozumel 2014

Cliona vastifica Boring Sponges. Widely distributed. About 165 described species. Here in the Red Sea. 

Verticals (Full/Cover Page Sizes Available
A Cliona sp. waning
Cribrochalina vasculum, the Brown Bowl Sponge. Bahamas pix. 


Genus Diplastrella:

Diplastrella megastellata Red-Orange Encrusting Sponge. Caribbean. To ten inches, seventy five feet in depth. Found in shaded areas, even under rocks, overhangs. St. Thomas, U.S.V.I.

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Drysidea sp. (Keller 1889). Indo-Pacific. Colonies as tough, encrusted upright blades, variable texture.  


Genus Ectyoplasia:

Ectyoplasia ferox, Brown Encrusting Octopus Sponge. Occurs as both encrusting and in multiple-armed arborose morphologies. Bahamas pic. 

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To: Part 1, Part 2, Part 4, Part 5, Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10,
 

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